Retinal Tear

A retinal tear is caused by the vitreous pulling on the peripheral retina. It can cause a retinal detachment.

What is a retinal tear?

The retina is the light-sensitive layer of tissue that lines the inside of the eye and sends visual messages through the optic nerve to the brain. The vitreous inside the eye (see image) can pull on the retina and cause a tear. Retinal tears occur in about 2 percent of eyes at the time of a posterior vitreous detachment. Once there is a tear, fluid can travel from inside the eye to under the retina. The risk of retinal detachment in an eye with a fresh retinal tear is about 70 percent. Treatment can reduce the risk of a tear progressing to a retinal detachment to about one percent. Ten percent of eyes with a retinal tear develop subsequent retinal tears, most within the first 2 months of onset of the symptoms.

What are Symptoms of a retinal tear?

Symptoms include a sudden or gradual increase in either the number of floaters, which are little "cobwebs" or specks that float about in your field of vision, and/or light flashes in the eye. At least half the time when the retina tears, a blood vessel in the retina is broken. When that occurs, blood is released into the vitreous which looks like hundreds of tiny pepper spots. You can see a little blood next to the retinal tear in the accompanying image. The spots might look black or red. Retinal tears occur in the far periphery of the retina. Unless there is also a retinal detachment, the change in vision from a retinal tear is not noticeable. If someone sees a shadow and loss of side vision, that means the retinal tear has progressed to a retinal detachment.

What is Laser Surgery?

A retinal tear can be treated with laser surgery or cryotherapy. Both accomplish the same goal:creating an adhesion around the tear to prevent a retinal detachment. The accompanying image shows fresh laser spots surrounding a retinal tear. Both treatments are safe with a very small risk of complications. Both laser and cryotherapy do not immediately create an adhesion. The adhesion is fairly good at one week and very good at four weeks. So it is important to ease into jarring activity following treatment for a retinal tear. Anything that creates excessive movement of the eye can be dangerous until the adhesion is formed. Reading, because of the back and forth movement of the eyes, is usually discouraged for a time following treatment of a retinal tear. About 10 percent of people who have had a retinal tear develop a subsequent retinal tear. Therefore if new and different symptoms occur following treatment it is important to notify your physician.

What about asymptomatic retinal holes?

Small asymptomatic retinal holes are not uncommon and usually do not need to be treated. Some surveys suggest that retinal holes are common and may exist in up to 8 percent of all eyes. The reason that retinal holes rarely cause retinal detachments is that they are not under traction. There are several forces that keep your retina attached. There is a suction force exerted by the retinal pigment epithelium. In addition, the retinal cells interdigitate with the underlying retinal pigment epithelial cells holding the retina in place like Velcro. To create a retinal detachment, a sufficient tractional force has to pull the retina out of position to allow fluid to traverse a retinal hole and enter the subretinal space and cause a retinal detachment. The absence of traction around a retinal hole seems to prevent retinal holes from progressing to retinal detachments.

Retinal Tear NEWS

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WABI

Healthy Living: May 22, 2018
WABI
Hereditary retinal dystrophies are a broad group of genetic retinal disorders that are associated with progressive visual dysfunction and are caused by mutations in any one of more than 220 different genes. Biallelic RPE65 mutation-associated retinal ...


Seeing 'worms' everywhere? It's OK. It's all just in your eye
Star2.com
In cases of retinal tear or detachment, treatment must take place as soon as possible so that an eye surgeon can reattach the retina and restore function before vision is lost permanently. PVDs are far more common than retinal detachments and are often ...


Retinal Surgery Devices Market: Growing Preference for Minimally Invasive Surgical Instruments Promises Magnified ...
Expert Consulting
Factors attributed to the growth of the segment are increasing geriatric population and severe ophthalmic ailments affecting them such as formation of scar tissue on the retina and retinal tear. In addition, retinal surgery offers better results in the ...


Las Vegas Review-Journal

Gloria Allred hired by political consultant Sparks' ex-fiancee
Las Vegas Review-Journal
An eye exam revealed that the woman had suffered a permanent retinal tear, the report said. The supplemental report could elevate the charge Sparks faces from a misdemeanor to a felony. Sparks, who reportedly fled to Texas afterward, has not been ...


Himalayan Times

Is your child hooked to mobile? High time to wean off the child from this bad habit
Himalayan Times
Meanwhile, around 400 patients (200 new and 200 follow-up) visit the centre daily seeking services. Most of them have been suffering from cataract while the centre frequently deals with cases of retinal tear and detachment that can cause permanent ...

and more »

Free Malaysia Today

Are eye floaters a dangerous medical condition?
Free Malaysia Today
In cases where the vitreous humour contracts e.g. in extreme cold, enough force is produced to pull the retina inwards and cause a retinal tear. If left untreated, this can progresses to retinal detachment, where fluid accumulates behind the retina ...


Retinal Detachment Market Survey, Trends, Outlook, Overview and 2023 Forecast
Digital Journal
Retinal Detachment Market Information, By Type (Rhegmatogenous, Tractional, And Others), By Diagnosis (Retinal Examination, Imaging and Others), By Treatment (Retinal Tears, Retinal Detachment, and Others), By End User- Global Forecast Till 2023.


The Kathmandu Post

Cellphone addiction harms eyes, health experts warn
The Kathmandu Post
People over 45 years of age have more risk to having cataract than other people while chance of retinal tear and detachment is high in accident cases and physical injuries-causing incidents, according to experts. Published: 26-04-2018 08:59 ...


Vision Test for Alport Syndrome Diagnosis
Alport Syndrome News
A macular hole is a tear in the eye at the level of the retina through which ocular fluids can escape. This can potentially cause blurred and distorted vision. It is more common in the elderly population, but Alport syndrome patients have been seen to ...

and more »

Curetoday.com

Easy on the Eyes: Protecting Eye Health Through Cancer Treatments
Curetoday.com
Many cancer treatments, including chemotherapy, radiation, steroids and immunotherapies, are known to cause eye-related side effects such as dryness, tearing, cataracts, sensitivity to light, infection or altered vision. ... tamoxifen, which is ...


Fish Oil May Be a Natural Alternative for Eye Floaters
Newswire
The Journal of the American Medical Association published a study that reveals that 1 in 7 individuals who experiences sudden symptoms of eye floaters or flashes of light may have a torn retina. As a matter of fact, 50% of those with a retinal tear are ...


High Prevalence of Diabetes, AMD to Fuel Global Retinal Drugs Market
TMR Research Blog (press release) (blog)
Retinal disorders occur mainly due to wear and tear due to age, or owing to health disorders such as diabetes or edema. The major kinds of retinal disorders include retinal degeneration, macular degeneration, macular edema, retinoschisis, uveitis ...

and more »

Posterior vitreous detachment - prevalence of and risk factors for retinal tears
Dove Medical Press
The incidence of retinal tears was 14.5% (n=53) and that of vitreous and/or retinal hemorrhage was 22.7% (n=83). For analysis of possible predictors for complications to PVD, patients diagnosed with retinal tears or vitreous hemorrhage between May and ...


PR Newswire (press release)

Alcon teams up with Venus Williams, tennis champion and dry eye sufferer, to launch Systane® Complete eye drops
PR Newswire (press release)
Systane Complete, a new formula designed to provide relief for every major type of dry eye, is an ideal first-line treatment option for people who suffer from evaporative dry eye, aqueous tear deficient dry eye or mixed dry eye. It uses intelligent ...


Allergan Presents Data at the Annual Meeting of the Association of Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO ...
PR Newswire (press release)
DUBLIN, April 26, 2018 /PRNewswire/ -- Allergan plc (NYSE: AGN) today announced that 19 Allergan-supported abstracts were selected for poster presentations at the Annual Meeting of the Association of Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO) in ...

and more »

Seattle Times

Five symptoms that might mean you should head to an eye doctor
Seattle Times
“The problem is a lot of times when people see something but don't feel anything, they put off going to the doctor, but if it is a retinal tear or detachment and you wait too long and it turns into a full detachment, that will be way more serious and ...


El Paso Inc.

Eye floaters: How I almost went blind in one eye
El Paso Inc.
Kasuga later explained that he had entered my eye in three places, drained it of the jelly-like vitreous liquid, used a laser to effectively stitch up the tear in the retina and, finally, injected a gas bubble into my eye to hold the retinal layer ...

and more »

Optician Online

Optrafair: Good technology on show
Optician Online
The retinal scanner is billed as an alternative to OCT, which business development manager Graham Avery said was an often-underutilised piece of equipment in high street optometric practice. The Easyscan is a significant step up from a fundus camera ...


Closer to a Cure for Myeloma
Curetoday.com
For example, it can cause rapid cell turnover on the eye surface or around the tear ducts, which may become clogged due to inflammation or scar tissue, blocking normal drainage of tears to the nasal cavity. ... Some hormonal regimens, such as tamoxifen ...


Ocular Diagnostic Agents Market to Observe Strong Development by 2026
Expert Consulting
These agents are extensively used for the differential diagnosis in various pathological conditions of the eye, for example, corneal abrasions, congestion, micro-aneurysm, blood vessel proliferations in the retina, etc. Based on drug ... Moreover, rise ...


AsiaOne

Seeing Specks or Flashes of Light? Here's Why
AsiaOne
Floaters and flashes are only a matter of concern if the vitreous pulls on the retina and tears it. Subsequent bleeding may appear as an intense 'shower' of new floaters. If left untreated, a retinal tear can cause the retina to fully detach from the ...


Fortune

FDA approves novel gene therapy to treat patients with a rare form of inherited vision loss
FDA.gov
The most common adverse reactions from treatment with Luxturna included eye redness (conjunctival hyperemia), cataract, increased intraocular pressure and retinal tear. The FDA granted this application Priority Review and Breakthrough Therapy ...
FDA Approves Spark Therapeutics' LUXTURNA™ (voretigene neparvovec-rzyl), a One-time Gene Therapy for Patients ...GlobeNewswire (press release)
FDA Approves Spark Therapeutics' Voretigene Neparvovec-rzylMD Magazine
FDA Approves Gene Therapy for Rare Vision Loss DiseaseSpecialty Pharmacy Times
Pharmacy Times -Xconomy -Rare Disease Report
all 127 news articles »

MD Magazine

First FDA-Approved Gene Therapy Procedure for Inherited Disease Performed
MD Magazine
“Today we celebrate the decades of work by many individuals to bring gene therapy from science fiction to clinical reality for patients with inherited retinal disease,” Joan Miller, MD, chief of ophthalmology, Mass. Eye and Ear and Mass. General ...

and more »

Futurism

The FDA Approves a New Gene Therapy Treatment for a Rare Form of Blindness
Futurism
There are some side effects of the gene therapy, including eye redness, cataract, and retinal tear. The FDA also said Luxturna should only be used on patients if their physician can confirm they have viable retinal cells. Considering the treatment ...

and more »

Get your peepers checked
sandpointreader.com
... annoying things you sometimes see in your vision, are the most common byproduct this condition presents. He said if I started to see flashes of light in my vision, it might be an indication of traction from the vitreous tugging on the retina, or ...


Medscape

Spotlight on Retinal Diseases
Medscape
Every year, thousands of retina specialists from across the globe gather at Retina Subspecialty Day prior to the annual meeting of the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO). This year, the meeting took place in beautiful New Orleans, Louisiana, and ...


registrarjournal.com

Aldeyra Therapeutics Announces First Quarter 2018 Financial Results
PR Newswire (press release)
In addition, Aldeyra presented a poster on the Phase 2b clinical trial results of reproxalap in allergic conjunctivitis, as well as two posters demonstrating activity of reproxalap and ADX-103 in preclinical models of pan-ocular and retinal ...
22 Stocks Moving In Friday's Pre-Market SessionBenzinga
2 Small Biotechs To ConsiderSeeking Alpha
Aldeyra Therapeutics, Inc. - ALDX - Stock Price Today - ZacksZacks Investment Research
GuruFocus.com
all 34 news articles »

The Boston Globe

So you think you can do without health insurance?
The Boston Globe
Retinal tears like the ones in my right eye lead to a detached retina, which is why the doctor's office had rushed me into the slot for emergencies when they heard my symptoms, and why I was in surgery 45 minutes after getting the diagnosis. Once a ...


Insider Tradings (press release) (blog)

Ophthalmic Devices Global Market Scenario and Comprehensive Research Report 2018
Insider Tradings (press release) (blog)
Ophthalmic devices are an aid in the diagnosis, monitoring, surgery and treatment of various eye related diseases such as cataract, age-related macular degeneration, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, retinal detachment or tear, eye infections, dry eye ...

and more »

Washington Post

FDA Advisory Committee Unanimously Recommends Approval of Investigational LUXTURNA™ (voretigene ...
GlobeNewswire (press release)
The most common adverse reactions related to LUXTURNA reported in 10 percent or greater of the combined Phase 1 and Phase 3 trial participants included conjunctival hyperemia, cataract, increased intraocular pressure and retinal tear. LUXTURNA is ...
Spark Therapeutics Gains Panel Nod For Gene Therapy To Treat BlindnessInvestor's Business Daily
Hematopoietic Stem-Cell Gene Therapy for Cerebral Adrenoleukodystrophy | NEJM - New England Journal of MedicineNew England Journal of Medicine
Efficacy and safety of voretigene neparvovec (AAV2-hRPE65v2) in patients with RPE65-mediated inherited retinal ...The Lancet
Perelman School of Medicine - University of Pennsylvania -NCBI - NIH -OHSU. In
all 172 news articles »
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