Age Related Macular Degeneration

AMD has two forms - wet and dry. Below is an overview of wet and dry AMD

What is the Macula?

The macula is the center part of the retina that we look straight ahead with. The eye works like a camera. The retina is like the film in the back of a camera. The center of the retina is called the macula. When you look at someone's face or read a book, you are using your macula. That is where your fine vision is. The rest of the retina is for the side or peripheral vision. You cannot see well with your peripheral vision, but you can get around and function with your peripheral vision. Macular degeneration can cause central vision loss, but never causes loss of peripheral vision (side vision).

What is Dry Macular Degeneration?

Dry AMD occurs when drusen develop in the macula (see photo). Most people with dry AMD have normal or near normal vision. Only about 10 percent develop advanced dry AMD. Advanced dry AMD occurs when the retina thins out so much that the vision declines. We call the thin spots geographic atrophy. We recommend vitamins for patients with dry AMD and fish oil. Patient with dry AMD should follow their vision and amsler grid every day and report to their physician if their is a change in vision in either eye or a change on the amsler grid. It is very important to check each eye separately.

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What is Wet Macular Degeneration?

Wet AMD occurs when blood vessels start to grow in the macula. These blood vessels can also grow with scar tissue and blood (see photo). Untreated, most people with wet AMD lose their central vision. With treatment, the disease progression can usually be stopped and often reversed. Promt treatment leads to the best results, so if you have a sudden change in vision that could be a sign of wet AMD, you should see your physician urgently.

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Macular Degeneration NEWS

Below are current articles from a Google News Feed on Macular Degeneration

  1. Eating leafy greens could help prevent macular degeneration  Science Daily
  2. Full coverage
  1. Leafy Greens Could Help Prevent Macular Degeneration  Laboratory Equipment
  2. Age-Related Macular Degeneration Market Research Report Presents A Thorough Study On The Overall Market By ...
  3. Association of dietary nitrate intake with the 15-year incidence of age-related macular degeneration  MD Linx
  4. Full coverage
  1. Drug Pipeline for Macular Degeneration in Focus at AAO  Medscape
  2. Allergan (AGN) to Showcase Continued Eye Care Innovation with New Data on Investigational Medicines at AAO
  3. Full coverage
  1. Here's why a diet of spinach like Popeye can help prevent vision loss  Economic Times
  2. Eating leafy greens could help prevent macular degeneration : Study  indiablooms
  3. Full coverage
  1. Neovascular age-related macular degeneration: intraocular inflammatory cytokines in the poor responder to ...  Dove Medical Press
  2. Full coverage
  1. Has UVa Found a Cure for Macular Degeneration?  WMRA Public Radio
  2. Full coverage
  1. Age-Related Macular Degeneration  Cleveland Jewish News
  2. Stem Cells And Its Role In The Treatment Of Macular Degeneration (press release)
  3. Full coverage
  1. Mediterranean Diet May Help Prevent This Common Cause of Blindness  Healthline
  2. Full coverage
  1. Door County Eye Associates Offering New Macular Degeneration Service  Door County Pulse
  2. Global Macular Degeneration (AMD) and Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) Drugs Market Outlook 2018 Top Manufacturers ...  Daily World Times (press release) (blog)
  3. Full coverage
  1. US Dry Age-Related Macular Degeneration Market & Competitive Landscape (2018-2023) -  Business Wire (press release)
  2. A Report On Growing Age Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) Market By Wet and Dry Eye, Age, Treatment and Top ...  Medgadget (blog)
  3. 1.5m people in the UK affected by macular disease, new figures reveal  AOP
  4. Full coverage
  1. Macular Atrophy Occurs Late in AMD Progression, Study Suggests  MD Magazine
  2. Full coverage
  1. Drug wars about macular degeneration  UK Human Rights Blog (blog)
  2. Full coverage
  1. Mediterranean diet may prevent age-related macular degeneration
  2. Adherence to Mediterranean Diet May Lower AMD Risk  Monthly Prescribing Reference
  3. Full coverage
  1. Mischief... & Magic... & Macular Degeneration  WMRA Public Radio
  2. Full coverage
  1. Human Retinas Grown In A Dish Reveal Origin Of Color Vision  NPR
  2. Human retinas grown in a dish explain how color vision develops  The Hub at Johns Hopkins
  3. Lab-grown human retinas shed light on colour vision
  4. Lab-Grown Human Retinas Illuminate How Eyes Develop Color Vision  Scientific American
  5. Full coverage
  1. US Wet Age-Related Macular Degeneration Market and Competitive Landscape 2018 -  Business Wire (press release)
  2. Full coverage
  1. World Sight Day 2018: Top 10 Best Foods To Prevent Macular Degeneration And Other Eye Diseases  NDTV
  2. World Sight Day 2018: 6 ways to protect your eyes and promote healthy vision  Times Now
  3. Full coverage
  1. Free Zinc Regulation Could Be Key to Stopping AMD Development and Progression  MD Magazine
  2. Full coverage
  1. Why everyone over 50 needs a retina eye exam  Queens Chronicle
  2. Full coverage
  1. WV Culinary Team: October a reminder to tend to our inner gardens  Charleston Gazette-Mail
  2. Full coverage
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What about Resources?

Dr. Pautler's Blog
American Academy of Ophthalmology
National Institutes of Health
  • ARMD
    NIH's SeniorHealth website covers the topic of Age-Related Macular Degeneration
National Eye Institute
American Foundation for the Blind - Senior Site
  • Macular Degeneration
    Basic information about AMD and low vision; includes a self-test using an Amsler Grid
Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA)
LightHouse International
  • Macular Degeneration
    Provides a general overview of the basics of AMD, and a simulation showing a scene as it might be viewed by a person with AMD
Prevent Blindness America